Stormwater Financing and Outreach

Program Summary

Effectively managing stormwater is one of the greatest challenges faced by communities throughout the Chesapeake Bay region. Like all infrastructure, stormwater management systems, including low impact development practices, require long-term care and maintenance.  As communities struggle to best allocate limited resources, stormwater management systems are frequently overlooked until an emergency occurs, costing millions in damages and repairs, or until a mandate forces a community to take action.

The issue of paying for stormwater, incorporating both gray and green infrastructure practices, looms even larger as Chesapeake Bay communities prepare to deal with a set of stringent regulations including Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Phase I and Phase II Permits, Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) requirements, and Watershed Implementation Plans.  Although often an effective driver, these federal and state mandates are not always accompanied by the type of technical assistance, information, and resources needed to successfully guide the development and implementation of sustainable stormwater management plans.

The Stormwater Financing and Outreach Unit was created to address communities’ stormwater financing questions and help craft a strategy that best meets local needs.  The unit provides a host of technical assistance opportunities working one-on-one with communities throughout the region, with a set of regional entities, and/or stormwater stakeholders from state, local, and nongovernmental organizations to provide stormwater management and financing support.

See our current and past projects below for more information on the type of assistance we provide.  For more information on the EFC’s Stormwater Financing and Outreach Unit, check out our FAQ


♦ Local Government Stormwater Financing Manual


♦ Commentary: Now’s the time to take action against urban-suburban runoff, Maryland Reporter, October 29, 2013  

♦ EPA Regional Administrator Tours Stormwater and Land Conservation Projects on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, EPA News Release, July 31, 2013

Getting past the “rain tax” rhetoric, The Baltimore Sun, April 30, 2013

♦ Businesses Fear Huge Bills from Stormwater Fee, Baltimore CBS affiliate, March 26, 2013 

 Related Documents

East Coast/West Coast Stormwater Financing Knowledge Exchanges, February 2015 --- Presentation 

Municipal Online Stormwater Training (MOST) Center

Based on the expressed need from many communities in the Chesapeake Bay that are faced with the challenges of limited capacity and resources for meeting their stormwater management obligations, the EFC has partnered with the Low Impact Development Center to establish the Municipal Online Stormwater Training (MOST) Center.  The MOST Center will help communities bridge the gap in needed technical and financial resources through a comprehensive training program to help municipalities within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed access and implement innovative stormwater management techniques to improve water quality in the Bay.  For more information about the MOST Center, please visit

Community Stormwater Projects

The Environmental Finance Center (EFC) works each year with several communities in the region to revitalize their stormwater management and fianancing programs.  Below is a list of EFC stormwater projects by state. 


Virginia Pennsylvania West Virginia
 Anne Arundel County

College Park
Calvert County
Ocean City
Shenandoah Valley
  Blair County
Lancaster County
Warrington Township
      Berkeley County        


For more information on the EFC’s Community Stormwater projects, check out our FAQ or contact Joanne Throwe at

Local Government Stormwater Financing Manual

EFC’s new Local Government Stormwater Financing Manual was inspired by and written for local government leaders.  The manual provides background information about a paradigm shift underway in stormwater management and a process model for being effective leaders in creating policies and programs to finance that shift.

Chesapeake Bay WIP Financing Workshops

The Environmental Finance Center is working with the EPA Chesapeake Bay Program Office to expand the capacity of communities to advance their Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) through interactive workshops focused on stormwater or agricultural financing.  The EFC is working with local and regional planning teams to develop and implement a series of “road shows” throughout the region with a mix of stormwater and agricultural nutrient management and finance content tailored to the needs of the communities involved.

Applying Asset Management to Stormwater: A Case Study in the City of Scranton

The EFC is working with the City and the Scranton Sewer Authority to assess the City’s current asset management framework in addressing both its combined sewer system and municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4). The EFC will recommend ways to integrate and enhance water resource infrastructure investments for the City to adequately meet all stormwater regulations. 

NFWF Capacity Building

The Environmental Finance Center provided technical support and direct assistance to NFWF’s new Local Government Capacity Building Initiative. Local government project partners included Hampton, VA; Scranton, PA; Laurel and Bethel, DE; and Lancaster, PA.

Local Stormwater Financing and Capacity Project

In October 2011, the EFC was awarded a grant by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to implement a stormwater financing technical assistance project in three urban communities across the region: Baltimore, Maryland; Anne Arundel County, Maryland; and Lynchburg, Virginia. While the overarching goal of this effort was to expand the ability of local governments to achieve water quality restoration goals through more efficient stormwater financing, the project focused on three primary objectives:

  • To create a better understanding of the costs and economic impacts associated with effective stormwater management in urban communities, specifically as they relate to pollution reductions associated with the Phase 2 Chesapeake Bay Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs);
  • To demonstrate how water quality restoration activities can benefit and add value to other community priorities, thereby improving fiscal efficiencies; and
  • To demonstrate how effectively engaging the private sector in stormwater management programs can incentivize innovation, create efficiencies, and accelerate restoration activity across the community.